The situation inside Afghanistan deteriorated in 2021 and had significant consequences for the most vulnerable among the population. Iran and Pakistan, which are neighbours of Afghanistan, also host some 8.2 million registered Afghan refugees and other Afghans with different statuses. The majority of registered refugees fled Afghanistan over the years, including from as early as 1979.
UNHCR has expanded its border monitoring in Afghanistan to include unofficial crossing points to understand flows and frequency on Afghans departing via these points, assess to territory and “the right to seek asylum” as well as the barriers which hinder the movement of people who may need international protection. Interviews at unofficial crossing points were held with key informants such as local residents in border areas, drivers, hotel and restaurant owners or border officials in over 50 locations, through Kunduz, Jalalabad, Herat, Gardez, Mazar and Kandahar field locations. Key informants gave estimates of weekly flows and their composition. This monitoring activity found that the majority of movements to Iran (84%) happen via unofficial border crossings, while less than 1% of movements to Pakistan happen via unofficial border crossings.
This dataset is the anonymized version of the original data.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v2.1: Edited, cleaned and anonymised data
The survey was conducted with one focal point from each household covering the following:
1. Location and key informant biodata
2. Size, frequncy and consistency of flows
3. Reasons for movement
4. Conditions under which movement occurs
Livelihood and Social cohesion
Domestic Needs/Household Support
Border crossing points from Afghanistan into Iran, Pakistan and Central Asia