Socio-economic assessement of Central African refugees in Cameroon's Adamanou, Eastern and Northern regions 2016
Other Household Survey [hh/oth]
UNHCR conducts socio-economic assessments of persons-of-concern (i.e. refugees, asylum-seekers, IDPs, etc.) in a variety of countries in order to inform and improve its programming with the goal of promoting self-reliance. While these assessments are not fully standardized and are tailored to their specific country context, the quantitative surveys share strong similarities in their design and objectives, and are therefore considered a survey series for the purpose of microdata documentation/archiving.
Due to persistent instability in the region, Cameroon hosts refugees and asylum seekers from neighboring countries, mainly from the Central African Republic and Nigeria. In 2015, nearly 259,000 Central African refugees arrived in Cameroon, of whom the vast majority settled in the Northern, Eastern and Adamaoua regions. Within these regions, the study identified 11 subsistence zones, of which the 5 zones with the highest refugee concentration were surveyed, in order to inform UNHCR's Livelihoods Strategy 2017-2020 targeting these refugees and to provide a baseline against which to measure the success of its implementation. The survey was conducted among 2,206 refugee households in November 2016.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household and individual
1.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for public distribution.
The scope of the quantitative data of this socio-economic assessment includes:
- Identification of the household
- Household members (demographic characteristics, education, economic activity)
- Access to services
- Child education and health
- Food and other assistance
- Agricultural production
- Sources of income
- Asset ownership
- Dwelling/housing characteristics
- Food consumption groups
- Coping strategies
- Social participation
- Intentions of return
Livelihood & Social cohesion
Areas hosting Central African refugees in 5 subsistence zones under study within Cameroon's Adamanou, Eastern and Northern regions. This included 7 refugee camps (Gado-Badzere, Lolo, Bile, Timangolo, Borgop, Ngam and Ngarisingo) as well as various non-camp sites.
All Central African refugee households residing in the 5 subsistence zones under study within Cameroon's Adamanou, Eastern and Northern regions.
UNHCR PPG: 1CMRB
Producers and sponsors
The survey's objective was to deliver representative data on all refugees living in 5 subsistence zones under study within the Adamanou, Eastern and Northern regions of Cameroon. These subsistence zones were defined along characteristics of geography, production patterns, market access, etc. - a total of 11 such zones were identified within the three regions, and the 5 zones with the highest refugee concentration were retained for the survey. The total Central African refugee population in Cameroon at the time of the survey was estimated at around 52,000 households; the total in the three regions at around 46,800 households; the total in the five selected subsistence zones within the three regions at around 26,000 households.The survey was designed to be representative of the latter 26,000. The refugees within the five zones were located in 7 refugee camps and 11 non-camp sites.
For this survey a stratified, single-stage (i.e. non-clustered) sample design was applied. The camps and non-camp sites were considered sampling strata. Within each of these 18 strata, a systematic sample of households was drawn from UNHCR's registration list.
The total sample size was 2,206 refugee households.
NB: The original data collection also included a small number of households from the neighbouring host community; however, these observations were dropped from the public-release version of the dataset.
Deviations from the Sample Design
Overall response rate was 92.3%
No weights were aplied during the initial data analysis. However, given that selection probailities differed across sampling strata, the public-release version of the data contains sampling weights calculated ex-post, which data users may wish to apply during further analysis.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Data was collected on paper through face-to-face interviews.
All questionaires are provided in section "external ressources".
The dataset presented here has undergone light checking, cleaning and restructuring (data may still contain errors) as well as anonymization (includes removal of direct identifiers and sensitive variables, and grouping values of select variables). Moreover, households interviewed from host communities were removed.
No attempt will be made to identify respondents or microdata providers, and no use will be made of the identity of any person, facility or establishment discovered inadvertently. Any such discovery would immediately be reported to UNHCR, to allow evaluation of further use, apply further statistical disclosure control methods, impose further restrictions on access, or appropriately re-classify the data. No attempt will be made to create links between datasets provided by UNHCR, or between UNHCR data and other datasets that could identify individuals or organizations.
Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees. UNHCR Socio-economic assessement of Central African refugees in Cameroon's Adamanou, Eastern and Northern regions 2016 - Anonymized for Public Use. Version 1.1. Geneva: UNHCR (December 2018), Ref. UNHCR-CMR-2016-SEA-1.1. Dataset downloaded from https://microdata.unhcr.org on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
UNHCR does not warrant in any way the accuracy of the information and data contained in the datasets and shall not be held liable for any loss caused by reliance on the accuracy or reliability thereof.