Socio-economic assessment of refugees in Kenya's Kakuma camp 2015
Socio-Economic/Monitoring Survey [hh/sems]
UNHCR conducts socio-economic assessments of persons-of-concern (i.e. refugees, asylum-seekers, IDPs, etc.) in a variety of countries in order to inform and improve its programming with the goal of promoting self-reliance. While these assessments are not fully standardized and are tailored to their specific country context, the quantitative surveys share strong similarities in their design and objectives, and are therefore considered a survey series for the purpose of microdata documentation/archiving.
Kakuma Refugee Camp is one of the longest-standing humanitarian settlements in sub-Saharan Africa and one of the largest refugee camps in the world. In response to recent reductions in funding for the Kenyan refugee operation, increased global competition for funds, and a common belief that not all refugees in such protracted situations have the same humanitarian assistance needs, UNHCR and WFP decided to undertake a study among refugees in Kakuma Camp. The main aims were to fill knowledge gaps regarding refugee livelihoods and the level and differences of vulnerability in refugee households, as well as to explore the feasibility of delivering more differentiated assistance and to identify the mechanisms that would need to be put in place to do so. Specifically, the study was meant to determine whether a permanent targeting mechanism could be put in place or whether other ways of prioritising assistance exist when resources are tight. The survey covered 2,000 households and was implemented in November/December 2015.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household and individual
v2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The scope of the quantitative data of this socio-economic assessment includes: - Identification of the household - Characteristics of household members (demographics, disability, education/literacy, trade/skills) - Dwelling characteristics - Access to services - Asset ownership - Sources of income - Economic activity of household members - Assistance - Consumption expenditure - Coping strategies
Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya
All refugee households residing in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya. UNHCR PPG: 1KENB
Producers and sponsors
The survey's objective was to deliver representative data of all households living in Kakuma refugee camp, with robust disaggregation to the sub-camp level. (Kakuma has four such sub-camps) The total population in the camp at the time of the survey was estimated at around 26,000 households. For this survey a stratified, single-stage (i.e. non-clustered) sample design was applied. The four sub-camps of Kakuma were considered strata and the 126 administrative blocks were considered sub-strata. All strata and sub-strata were retained for the sample. Within each of these sub-strata, a sample of households was drawn systematically via a random walk sampling process. The total sample size was 2,000 households (500 households in each of the four sub-camps).
Deviations from the Sample Design
No weights were aplied during the initial data analysis. However, given that selection probailities differed across sampling strata, the public-release version of the data contains sampling weights calculated ex-post, which data users may wish to apply during further analysis.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
Data Collection Notes
Data was collected through computer-assisted face-to-face interviewing (on tablets).
All questionaires are provided in section "external ressources".
The dataset presented here has undergone light checking, cleaning and restructuring (data may still contain errors) as well as anonymization (includes removal of direct identifiers and sensitive variables, and grouping values of select variables).
No attempt will be made to identify respondents or microdata providers, and no use will be made of the identity of any person, facility or establishment discovered inadvertently. Any such discovery would immediately be reported to UNHCR, to allow evaluation of further use, apply further statistical disclosure control methods, impose further restrictions on access, or appropriately re-classify the data. No attempt will be made to create links between datasets provided by UNHCR, or between UNHCR data and other datasets that could identify individuals or organizations.
UNHCR (2018). Socio-economic assessment of refugees in Kenya's Kakuma camp 2015. Accessed from UNHCR Microdata Library: https://microdata.unhcr.org
Disclaimer and copyrights
UNHCR does not warrant in any way the accuracy of the information and data contained in the datasets and shall not be held liable for any loss caused by reliance on the accuracy or reliability thereof.