WASH KAP Survey Kyangwali Refugee Camp, November 2019
Uganda is hosting over 1 million refugees with about 114,716 (OPM Nov 2019) of them settled in Kyangwali refugee settlement. This rapid influx of refugees has put pressure on basic social services including education, food, shelter and WASH infrastructure. In order to efficiently and effectively improve WASH service delivery in the settlement, there is need for accurate and reliable information on which to base programmatic decisions.
Kyangwali settlement has had a number of interventions by different partners, and in as much as there were access indicators obtained regularly by the partners that provide extremely useful average figures at settlement level, there has been a gap in the in-depth understanding of the situation at household level and to account for disparities within the settlement so as to measure the impact of the interventions.
The survey mainly utilized 2 methods: Household questionnaire survey and documentary review. The survey covered all the five zones of the settlement, with samples drawn from all the villages in the different zones. Sample sizes for each zone were calculated using the UNHCR sample size determination tool. A sample of 403 (only refugees) was interviewed using household questionnaire survey administered through Kobo collect and Open Data Kit (ODK) tool. Reviewed documents included: partners periodic updates, minutes of WASH meetings.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v1.0: Basic raw data, obtained from data entry (before editing).
· Average litres of potable water/per person/per day collected at HH level; % HHs with at least 10 L/p protected water storage capacity
· Maximum distance [m] from household to potable water collection point
· % HHs collecting drinking water from protected/treated sources
· % HHs with household latrine/toilet,
· % HHs reporting defecating in a toilet/latrine,
· % HHs practicing open defecation (Includes defecating in the bush at night and children under 5 years of age 28),
· % HHs having access to a bathing facility
· % HHs with access to soap,
· % HHs with access to a specific hand-washing device,
· % respondents knowing at least 3 critical moments when to wash hands
· % HHs with access to solid waste disposal facility
· Most of the households (85%) fetch water from a protected source such as handpump/bore hole, public tap/standpipe and protected spring.
· Most of the of the households (64%) reported hand pumps/borehole as their main source of drinking water for members in the household compared to
· (38%) who reported public tap/standpipe.
· Adult females (61%), children (11-18 years) (30%), adult male (6%) and children (10 years or younger) (3%) are responsible to fetch water for domestic use.
· Average litres of potable water/per person/per day collected at HH level
· at least 10 L/p protected water storage capacity
· distance from the household to water point
· Over half of the households (61%) clean their containers every time they use them, followed by (36%) of the households who clean their containers at least once in a week. The rest 3% clean their containers once in a month.)
· access to household latrine
· access to communal latrine
· open defecation
· access to a designated shower/bathing facility
· access to solid waste disposal facility
· the household pit.
· designated open area
· undesignated open area,
· burn domestic waste,
· dispose in communal
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Kyangwali Refuge settlement
Entire members of the household
Producers and sponsors
Stratified random sampling
No info presented; to be computed post hoc
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
DDI Document ID
David WO Oremo
UNHCR Bureau for East, Horn & The Great Lakes Region