Alternative Cooking Fuels and Training Programme - 2019
At present over 90% of households across all three refugee camps in the Kigoma Region of Tanzania use firewood for cooking, which is being collected from the forests within, and around, the refugee camps leading to deforestation. The burden of collecting firewood also disproportionately affects women and children, who have to travel considerable distances from their homes in order to provide the necessary fuel for cooking, exposing themselves to increased risks of Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV). It is from these concerns that UNHCR and partners in Kigoma Region embarked on a pilot programme to provide the PoCs with alternative cooking energy as well as launching energy saving initiatives in Nyarugusu, Nduta and Mtendeli Refugee Camps. DRC, GNTZ, REDESO, CEMDO and UNHCR were involved in the implementation of this programme which had three main components, namely, Charcoal Briquettes and LPG Comparative analysis at Nduta; manufacturing of charcoal briquettes at Nyarugusu; and community-based training on energy saving practices and SGBV awareness raising in Nduta, Mtendeli and Nyarugusu camps.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
Access to Energy
All Persons of Concern to UNHCR living within Nduta, Nyarugusu and Mtendeli camps
Producers and sponsors
A total of 1,200 PoCs participants were involved in this project in which 400 of them received
LPG while 800 received charcoal briquettes. Out of the 800 participants, 400 of them used
procured fuel efficient “matawi” stoves while the remaining 400 participants used modified mud
stoves. The aim was to compare the efficiency of both stove types in burning the charcoal
briquettes and to understand the preference of the PoCs between the two stove types. A random
sampling approach was adopted in selecting project participants and then further screening was
conducted. Generally, out of the 21 zones
present in Nduta, all the participants were drawn from zone 1-9. The selected zones meets the
first selection criteria as can be seen below. The rest of the zones were not meeting the first
criteria at the time of participants’ selection.
Weights were added post hoc based on camps.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
UNHCR (2019) Alternative Cooking Fuels and Training Programme in Tanzania. UNHCR's Microdata Library: https://microdata.unhcr.org