This study is the result of the socio-demographic and labor analysis of refugee residents in Brazil and represents a milestone in the production of knowledge about the integration of this population into the country. The study shows that most of the interviewees maintain close ties with family, friends and entities located in the countries of origin and, at the same time, demonstrate great knowledge of the Brazilian culture and want to become Brazilian citizens. Nevertheless, they pointed out obstacles to integration, including discriminatory acts. Several factors explain the vulnerability of the refugee population in Brazil: labor market, low wages or insufficient income, difficulty in recognizing diplomas and accessing public or banking services. All these factors, common to a large part of the Brazilian population, have a more striking impact on the quality of life of the refugee population.
Unit of Analysis
2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The scope includes:
- Characteristics of the individual
- Characteristics of the household
- Characteristics of the dwelling
- Integration and knowledge of local culture
Livelihood & Social cohesion
Producers and sponsors
For the realization of the field work, a sample design was elaborated to take into account the intentional sampling by quotas, to estimate proportions of sociodemographic variables, with a total of 500 interviews being established. This sample was applied in 14 cities, distributed in eight Federation Units which concentrate 94% of refugees under the protection of the Brazilian government. The allocation of the number of interviews in each of the states took into account their relative share in the total sample.
Weight was calculated dividing number of refugees residing in Brazil, according to available data, by the number of interwees. The total number of refugees residing in Brazil is based on the Refugee base in Brazil made available to UNHCR by the Federal Police / Ministry of Justice.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The fieldwork was carried out between June 13, 2018, and February 20, 2019, by 8 teams each having been responsible for a Federation Unit, resulting in a set of interviews by state, Federal District and cities. In relation to the initial sampling plan, some small changes were made during fieldwork due to the impossibility of locating some refugees, inconsistencies and refusals. As a whole, however, the sample almost entirely reflects the designed plan, both in terms of nationality and sex, and in terms of regional distribution too.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Please cite as follows:
UNHCR (2019) Socio-economic profile of refugees in Brazil. Ref. UNHCR_BRA_SEA_2019. UNHCR microdata library: https://microdata.unhcr.org