KAP WASH 2017 in South Sudan's Ajuong Thok and Pamir Camps
Demographic and Health Survey [hh/dhs]
A Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) survey was conducted in Ajuong Thok and Pamir Refugee Camps in November 2017 to determine the current Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) conditions as well as hygiene attitude and practices within the households (HHs) surveyed. The assessment utilized a systematic random sampling method, and a total of 559 HHs (379 in Ajuong Thok and 180 in Pamir) were surveyed using mobile data collection (MDC) within a period of ten (10) days. Data was cleaned and analysed in Excel.
The findings showed that the overall average number of liters of water per person per day was 19.5 liters in both Ajuong Thok and Pamir Camps, which was slightly lower than the recommended Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) minimum standard of at least 20 liters of water available per person per day. The average HH size was six people. Refugees were aware of the key health and hygiene practices, possibly as a result of routine health and hygiene messages delivered to them by Samaritan´s Purse (SP) and other health partners. It is recommended that proper water use measures be put in place to reduce water waste and that sanitation and hygiene messaging continue to be provided to improve sanitation and hygiene, with access to, and use of, latrines by refugees.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The survey includes the following topics:
- Household main characteristics
- Sources of drinking and non-drinking water
- Information about water collection
- Hygiene of drinking water
- General hygiene practices
- Hand-washing habits and knowledge
- Defecation habits and latrine types
- Waste disposal
- NFI Distribution
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Health and Nutrition
Domestic Needs/Household Support
Elderly and Disabled
Ajuong Thok and Pamir Refugee Camps
All households in Ajuong Thok and Pamir Refugee Camps
Producers and sponsors
Households were selected using systematic random sampling. Enumerators systematically walked through the camp, block by block, row by row, in such a way as to pass each HH, giving an equal chance of selection for the sample. Within the blocks, enumerators started at one corner, then systematically used the sampling interval to walk up and down along each of the rows throughout the block. This happened in each and every occupied block in Ajuong Thok and Pamir. In each block, the first HH sampled was determined by selecting a random number, between one and the sampling interval, out of a hat. Then, after the first HH, the sampling interval was followed. A female HH head was the first preferred respondent, as she was the one mainly involved in collecting water, performing general hygiene and making decisions on water use in the HH. If she was not available, another member of the HH (over 15 years of age) with knowledge of the HH practices was surveyed. If no one in the HH qualified to answer the survey, enumerators moved to the next HH, according to the sampling interval.
Sample weights for the household data were computed dividing, for each camp, the population by the sample size.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Mobile Data Collection (MDC) was used to collect the HH data. Apple iPads fitted out with an iFormBuilder software platform were used by enumerators. All questionnaires were written in English, although the interviews were conducted in Arabic, a language widely spoken by the respondents. During training, question translation was mastered to ensure translation consistency among the enumerators. A questionnaire pretest was done to ascertain that the enumerators had understood the questionnaires; any issues emerging were addressed. The data collected using iFormBuilder was uploaded to the server at the end of each day. The iFormBuilder generated a Microsoft (MS) Excel spreadsheet dataset which was then cleaned and analyzed using MS Excel. Six enumerators were recruited and trained for the exercise. Two days of training was given to previously experienced enumerators focusing on the data collection protocol, interviewing skills, and fundamental concepts and vocabulary. Review and translation of the questionnaire formed the main part of the training, as well as an important emphasis on the proper use of the calendar of events, skip patterns, effective probes, etc., to ensure the accuracy of the data collected. Enumerators were trained on how to use the tools, and how to identify HHs for interview, during the two days of training. Data collection occurred over a period of ten days. Qualitative data was collected from focus group discussions (FGDs) with male and female members of the two camps. A total of four FGDs, involving 39 people (18 males and 21 females), were conducted. The collected data was verified on a daily basis prior to data syncing onto the cloud server, and feedback was given to enumerators before beginning data collection the following day. Random spot checks were made on data that was synced and cleaned, to ensure consistency before beginning analysis.
The survey questionnaire used to collect the data consists of the following sections:
- NFI Distribution
Data was anonymized through decoding and local suppression.
UNHCR (2017) KAP WASH 2017 in South Sudan's Ajuong Thok and Pamir Camps. UNHCR's Microdata Library: https://microdata.unhcr.org