Mask-wearing, testing and knowledge of COVID-19 in Bangladesh's Cox's Bazaar 2020
Demographic and Health Survey [hh/dhs]
The Rohingya population settled in 34 camps in Cox's Bazar district numbers around 860,000 individuals.1 On March 23, 2020, Cox's Bazar saw the first case of COVID-19 in the host community. The first case of COVID19 in the Rohingya population was confirmed on 14 May 2020. 2 At the time of this survey (September 5th - 10th 2020), there were 138 confirmed cases of, and 8 confirmed deaths from COVID19 in the Rohingya camps.3
Community engagement around prevention of COVID19 has been a core activity of the health sector since March and is supported by many other sectors. Activities are carried out by volunteers through door-door messaging and the use of multimedia approaches, key messages were developed by the risk communication group including the need for physical distancing, mask wearing, recognising symptoms and testing and treatment.
The assessment was designed to assess the effectiveness of the intense community engagement that has been done among the Rohingya population;whether people were absorbing and developing good knowledge from the communication and informationoutreach, and whether they were responding (through behaviour change) to the information they were receiving.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Version 2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution
The survey was conducted by phone between September5th-10th 2020, with random samples utilizing UNHCR refugee registration database. Samples were drawn from all camps.
Weights were added ex-post.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Telephone Interview [cati]
Data Collection Notes
The questions were open ended, and answers were not read out to participants. Some questions included options to indicate more than one choice (up to three).
Due to COVID-19, the survey was conducted by phone, limiting thus the participants to those who have a registered phone number.
When analysing several responses in the survey, severalanswers toquestions would suggest that they were formulatedto tell the interviewer 'what they want to hear'or what they imagine is the 'right' reply. While this indicatesthat respondents have good knowledge of appropriate responses to COVID19, behaviour adjustment does require further time.
While some of the survey results around behaviormay contradict other knowledge, these survey results should not be discounted or apparent contradictions around attitudes ignored.