The UNHCR Livelihoods Monitoring Framework surveys are designed to promote a standardized approach to tracking program performance and impact through revised impact and performance indicators with concrete definitions, which have made them more focused, precise and relevant to the key intervention areas. The data and the key analysis are available for UNHCR - and externally - financed programs across three primary focus areas - agriculture, self-employment and wage-employment - in terms of assets, employment, market access and more.
The UNHCR Livelihoods Monitoring Framework takes a program-based approach to monitoring, with the aim of tracking both outputs and the impact of UNHCR dollars spent on programming (either via partners or through direct implementation).
The process for developing the indicators began in 2015 with a review of existing tools and approaches. Consultations were held with governments, the private sector, field-based staff and civil society partners to devise a set of common, standardized measures rooted in global good practices.
Since 2017, a data collection (survey) has been rolled out globally, and the participating operations conducted a household surveys to a sample of beneficiaries of each livelihoods project implemented by UNHCR and its partner. The dataset consists of baseline and endline data from the same sample beneficiaries, in order to compare before and after the project implementation and thus to measure the impact.
More info is available on the official website: https://lis.unhcr.org
Unit of Analysis
v1.1: Edited, cleaned and anonymised data for public use.
The scope includes:
- Partner information including location of household and type of survey round (Baseline/ Endline)
- General information on beneficiary
- Access to agriculture production enabled and enhanced (social assets, financial access, agricultural employment, crop production, animal production, fishery production, market access, change income/saving)
- Access to self-employment/ business facilitated (social assets, financial access, self-employment, market access, changing in income/saving)
- Access to wage employment facilitated (social assets, financial access, wage employment, change in income/ saving)
Livelihood and Social cohesion
Producers and sponsors
The sampling was conducted by each participating operations based on general sampling guidance provided as the following:
- At least 100 randomly selected beneficiaries for each project
- Representativeness of sub-groups (gender, camp, etc.) should be kept as much as possible
- Baseline and endline beneficiaries should be the same
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Data was collected through computer-assisted face-to-face interviewing (on tablets)
Questionnaire contains the following sections:
- partner information
- general information on beneficiary
UNHCR: South Africa - Livelihoods Programme Monitoring Beneficiary Survey, 2019. UNHCR microdata library, https://microdata.unhcr.org