Post-Distribution Monitoring of Cash-Based Intervention, February 2021
THE CBI PDM Household Survey was conducted in Kyrgyzstan between February, to April, 2021. In the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic and its far lasting financial impacts, UNHCR Kyrgyzstan has rolled out an Emergency Cash Assistance Program to help refugees meet their basic needs and to mitigate harsh socio-economic impacts in the time of crisis and countrywide lockdowns. The CBI was rolled out in two rounds to all refugee and asylum seeker households to help meet their basic needs including food, rent, and access to essential supplies and services during Covid-19 restrictions.
UNHCR uses Post-Distribution Monitoring (PDM) as a mechanism to collect refugees' feedback on the quality, sufficiency, utilization and effectiveness of the assistance items they receive. The underlying principle behind the process is linked to accountability, as well as a commitment to improve the quality and relevance of support provided, and related services. UNHCR increasingly uses Cash-Based Interventions (CBIs) as a preferred modality for delivering assistance, offering greater dignity and choice to forcibly displaced and stateless persons in line with UNHCR's core protection mandate. In order to ensure that the cash assistance provided meets the intended programme objectives and that desired outcomes are achieved, UNHCR conducts regular post-distribution and outcome monitoring with a sample or all of refugee recipients.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The household survey covers the following sections:
1. Household demographics
2. Receiving and spending the cash assistance (basic facts)
3. Risks and problems: Did people face problems with the CBI? Did the CBI put POCs at additional risk?
4. Markets and prices: Can POCs find what they need, and at a price they can afford, in the markets?
5. Expenditure: What did people spend the money on?
6. Outcomes: What changes is the cash assistance contributing to in POC households?
7. Longer-Term Outcomes: Has the cash assistance helped put POC on the pathway to sustainable solutions?
8. Accountability to Affected Persons: Is the CBI intervention accountable to persons of concern? (What preferences do people have over how assistance is delivered?)
Livelihood & Social cohesion
Domestic Needs/Household Support
The survey is conducted in Biskek, Chui, Issyk Kul, Jalal-Abad, Osh and Talas.
The total population spans all beneficiaries subject to the Cash Based Intervention.
Producers and sponsors
The survey's objective was to survey all refugee households that were beneficiaries of cash-based interventions. The total number of households that received cash-based interventions in 2021 was 276 households. Because of the small number of households, no sampling was implemented.
The aim of the survey was to interview all refugee households that received cash assisstance. However, 85 households were not responsive or had changed the phone number and the phone number was no longer available.
Sample weights were calculated for each household as the total number of beneficiaries divided by the total sample size.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Telephone Interview [cati]
Data Collection Notes
The survey was conducted in Russian for Mandate and Convention refugees and with help of an interpreter for asylum seekers.
UNHCR (2021). Kyrgyzstan: Post-Distribution Monitoring of Cash-Based Intervention, February 2021. Accessed from: https://microdata.unhcr.org.