Post-Distribution Monitoring of Cash-Based Intervention, May 2021
UNHCR uses Post-Distribution Monitoring (PDM) as a mechanism to collect refugees' feedback on the quality, sufficiency, utilization and effectiveness of the assistance items they receive. The underlying principle behind the process is linked to accountability, as well as a commitment to improve the quality and relevance of support provided. UNHCR increasingly uses Cash-Based Interventions (CBIs) as a preferred modality for delivering assistance, offering greater dignity and choice to forcibly displaced and stateless persons in line with UNHCR's core protection mandate. In order to ensure that the cash assistance provided meets the intended programme objectives and that desired outcomes are achieved, UNHCR conducts regular post-distribution and outcome monitoring with a sample or all of refugee recipients.
UNHCR supported 109 refugee households in 11 provinces in China with cash assistance in Quarter 2, 2021. The CBI PDM was conducted between June and July 2021 to assess outcomes of the assistance. More than half the households receiving cash assistance are individuals without family. UNHCR’s cash assistance is beneficial to its recipients as respondents point to improved living conditions (90%), relieved financial burdens (90%/75) and reduction in feeling of stress (96%). In terms of coping strategies, almost 68% of all beneficiaries had to take out a new loan or borrowed money over the last three months.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
v2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The household survey covers the following sections:
1. Household demographics
2. Receiving and spending the cash assistance (basic facts)
3. Risks and problems: Did people face problems with the CBI? Did the CBI put POCs at additional risk?
4. Markets and prices: Can POCs find what they need, and at a price they can afford, in the markets?
5. Expenditure: What did people spend the money on?
6. Outcomes: What changes is the cash assistance contributing to in POC households?
7. Longer-Term Outcomes: Has the cash assistance helped put POC on the pathway to sustainable solutions?
8. Accountability to Affected Persons: Is the CBI intervention accountable to persons of concern? (What preferences do people have over how assistance is delivered?)
POC = Persons of Concern to UNHCR
Livelihood & Social cohesion
Domestic Needs/Household Support
The survey covers 12 provinces and most respondents are from Guangdong. Among the 57 percent of beneficiaries who reside in Guangdong, a majority of them (87 percent) are Somalis.
The sample universe includes all refugees registered to receive cash assisstance in Q2, 2021.
Producers and sponsors
No sampling was implemented as the survey included all beneficiaries of UNHCR's Cash-Based Interventions from Q2 2021 (109 refugee households).
The response rate was 75 percent.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based
Data Collection Notes
The survey was distributed in UNHCR's online survey platform Kobo using email addresses from UNHCR's registration database. The survey was translated in six different languages and respondents were able to select the preferred language before starting the questionnaire. The introduction email included clear instructions on how to fill out the survey as well as asked for respondents' consent.
UNHCR (2021). China: Post-Distribution Monitoring of Cash-Based Intervention, June 2021. Accessed from: https://microdata.unhcr.org.