The COVID-19 Vaccination Survey in China was conducted in July 2021 to understand refugees' accessibility and willingness to receive a COVID-19 vaccination in China. UNHCR stresses that no one can be left behind in the global effort against COVID-19 and is monitoring the inclusion of refugees and asylum seekers in vaccination plans around the world. At the time, Chinese government policy did not provide free vaccines for foreigners without social security. The survey results however show that this policy was implemented with some flexibility, because among the few that were vaccinated already, more than half received a free COVID-19 vaccine. Some refugees reported difficulties or lack of information about vaccine registration or identity documents to book an appointment. Results further show that even though most are willing to get vaccinated, anti-vaccine sentiments are driven by fear of side effects.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
v2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The household survey covers the following sections:
1. Household demographics
2. Source of information about COVID-19
3. Willingness to get vaccinated
4. Status of vaccination (possible costs for vaccine; appointment booking; reasons for not having received 1st/2nd shot)
POC = Persons of Concern to UNHCR
Livelihood & Social cohesion
Domestic Needs/Household Support
The survey covers 24 provinces with most respondents residing in the province of Guangdong.
The survey was distributed to all 1017 refugees and asylum seekers.
Producers and sponsors
No sampling was implmented.
Out of 1017 distributed surveys, UNHCR received 455 answers (45%). Of those, 30 respondents did not provide consent to participate in the survey.
Sample weights were calculated for each household as the total number of beneficiaries divided by the total response rate.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based
Data Collection Notes
The survey was distributed in UNHCR's online survey platform Kobo using email addresses from UNHCR's registration database. The survey was translated in six different languages and respondents were able to select the preferred language before starting the questionnaire. The introduction email included clear instructions on how to fill out the survey as well as asked for respondents' consent.
UNHCR (2021). COVID-19 Vaccination Survey for all POCs in China's mainland, July 2021. Accessed from: https://microdata.unhcr.org.