Durable Solutions Analysis Survey: North Darfur State, 2021
Priority Survey (hh/ps]
Protracted and new displacements of large numbers of people as well as complex conflict dynamics continue to be a major issue in Darfur. In 2020, an estimated 2.5 million people were internally displaced and close to 400,000 Darfuris refugees resided in neighbouring countries. The political transition following years of conflict paved the way for the signing of the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) in 2020. The peace agreement aims to address the root causes of conflict but also establishes durable solutions for displaced populations as a necessity for lasting peace in Darfur. In 2021, the Government furthermore initiated work on a National Strategy on Solutions, which will offer a critical strategic framework and operational roadmap towards solutions for displaced communities in Sudan.
In 2017, the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the international community agreed on the need to collectively support Durable Solutions for IDPs, returnees, and their host communities to end the situation of protracted displacement. The collaboration on Durable Solutions between the GoS and international community resulted in two Durable Solution pilots in respectively El Fasher (North Darfur) and Um Dukhun (Central Darfur).
JIPS provided technical support for the scale-up of the durable solutions analysis across Darfur under the Central Emergency Relief Fund (CERF). Focusing on nine localities, including urban areas, the data collection exercises build directly on the durable solutions analysis approach piloted in El Fasher in 2019. The Durable Solutions Working Group (DSWG) identified a joint evidence base and a collaborative approach as priorities and therefore undertook a joint area-based profiling exercise, focusing on the Abu Shouk and El Salaam IDP camps on the outskirts of El Fasher.
The focus was set on profiling of IDPs (in camp settlements and out of camps), IDP returnees, refugee returnees, and non-displaced. The profiling exercises are aimed at:
i.Informing CERF programming and Action Plan development in each state/locality;
ii.Provide the baseline of the agreed upon CERF outcome/output indicators (for later measurement of impact); and
iii.Inform broader UNHCR programming beyond the Fund.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v2.1: Edited, cleaned and anonymised data
Household: Demographics, livelihoods, land and farming, food security, housing, access to services (health, water, sanitation, education), participation in public events, safety and security, conflict resolution, social cohesion and inter-group relations, perception about displaced population, intentions. Individuals: Demographics, education, livelihoods, personal documentation.
Livelihood and Social cohesion
Peace Building/Conflict Prevention Sector
Kebkabiya and Kutum localities within North Darfur State
All IDP returnees, refugee returnees, IDPs in camps and out of camps, and non-displaced populations across Kabkabiya and Kutum.
Producers and sponsors
The sampling followed a systematic simple random approach, through which the households were treated as the primary sampling unit. The sample size for each target group was identified proportionately based on the group's population size. The sampling is designed to produce results representative for each target group in the targeted area of the locality. Analysis at the settlement level is not possible.
The selection of settlements included in each locality is based on a prioritization by partner agencies and local partners based on the programmatic scope of the CERF. The data is thus not representative of whole locality, but the specific geographic scope targeted within the locality.
In Kutum, the total sample included: 1442 households, covering IDPs in camps (389 HHs), IDPs out of camps (382 HHs), return IDPs (370 HHs) and non-displaced (301 HHs). In Kebkabiya, the total sample included: IDPs (394 HHs) and non-displaced (382 HHs). Additionally, 66 IDP returnee HHs were included in a nearby village (Bardi) - due to this very limited sample, no statistical analysis is done and the actual numbers are included.
The sample frame of the household survey was based on the population estimates of each target group, that were provided by key informants and validated through fieldwork missions.
Weights have been calculated as the total households per group per location/selected households per target group per location
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Some households with over 14 members have had individuals removed from their household roster due to anonymization techniques.