Following the change in authority in Afghanistan on 15 August 2021, UNHCR introduced a rapid assessment methodology to quickly assess humanitarian and protection needs throughout the country as part of scale-up by UNHCR to respond to the unfolding crisis. The assessments were carried out between October - December 2021.
The primary focus of the assessments were IDPs and IDP returnees who account for the majority of the households interviewed in these assessments. Nonetheless, as UNHCR takes a whole-of-community approach in its assistance programme, vulnerable host community members were also assessed, alongside a small number of refugee returnees, asylum seekers and refugees, as well as deported and spontaneous returnees under an area-based approach.
The majority of the assessments were conducted in the Southern Region due to the fact that conflict increased over JuneJuly 2021 in the South and people were displaced into urban areas and could not be reached. When the fighting subsided following the change in authority on 15 August 2021, many families immediately returned to their places of origin. As their needs were assumed to be high, they were prioritized for assessment.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v2.1: Edited, cleaned and anonymised data
Household: Demographics, humanitarian needs, shelter and non food items, access to healthcare, documentation, coping strategies, intentions, feedback channels.
Livelihood and Social cohesion
314 districts in Afghanistan covering all 34 provinces
All IDP returnees, refugee returnees, host community and IDPs across Afghanistan
Producers and sponsors
Due to the dynamic situation and lack of a complete sampling frame, rapid assessments were implemented using convenience sampling. Selection of the areas to conduct assessments was based on information coming from the Community-Based Protection Monitoring and UNHCR's key informants. Interagency joint assessments data was also used in some locations