Post-Distribution Monitoring of Non-Food Items, 2021
Income/Expenditure/Household Survey [hh/ies]
More than 900,000 Rohingya refugees are living in extremely congested camps in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Since their arrival in Bangladesh, they have been dependent on humanitarian aid for their survival, including food, core-relief items, shelter and other basic services. From January to the end of August 2021, UNHCR distributed 726 Core Relief Item kits to newly arrived refugee families. Each such kit includes tarpaulins for shelter construction, a kitchen set, blanket, jerry can, bucket, sleeping mat and solar lamp. UNHCR conducts Post Distribution Monitoring (PDM) to collect refugees’ feedback on the quality, sufficiency, utilization, and effectiveness of the assistance we provide, which helps improve and adapt the services as per the refugees’ needs. For this PDM exercise, a mixed methodology incorporating both qualitative and quantitative methods was used. By qualitative method, FGD (Focus Group Discussion) disaggregated by gender and age were conducted with recipients of NFI in 16 camps. 49 groups discussions for NFI recipients took place between 03 and 20 October 2021. The PDM survey found that items distributed by UNHCR and partners, including NFI items, WASH Hygiene kits, Female Hygiene kits and LPG generally met the declared household needs and the minimum quality standards for NFIs as approved by the Bangladesh Shelter/NFI Sector in Cox's Bazar. LPG, NFI, WASH and female hygiene kit distribution has considerably improved from last year’s PDM with an average of 97% satisfied with the organisation of the distribution. 81% of respondents reported receiving enough quantity of NFI which represents 4% decrease compared to last year.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v2.1: Edited, cleaned and anonymised data
The survey was conducted with one focal point from each receipient household. The respondent is asked question about multiple distribution items, Non-Food items, WASH Hygiene kits, Female Hygiene kits and LPG. The respondent is asked their feedback on these items covering the following points:
1. Quality of items
2. Sufficiency of items
3. Usefullness of items
4. Distribution process
5. Actual use of items
6. Assistance preference and their access to communication and complaints mechanisms
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Core Relief items (CRIs)
The survey covers 16 camps in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh
Recipients of NFIs in Cox' Bazar in 2021
Producers and sponsors
Probabilistic and non-probabilistic samplings were used to prepare the samples and groups for the interviews. Stratified random sampling (probability sampling) methodology was used to create the sample of households to be interviewed using camp as a stratum with head of household gender consideration. The NFI sample size was determined from the recipient households on 95% confidence level and 5% margin of error. The sample was increased by 15% for contingency and non-response rate purposes. A total of 2139 households randomly selected were interviewed.
Design weights were assigned based on probability of selction per camp.