Post-Distribution Monitoring of Shelter Materials, 2021
Income/Expenditure/Household Survey [hh/ies]
More than 900,000 Rohingya refugees are living in extremely congested camps in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Since their arrival in Bangladesh, they have been dependent on humanitarian aid for their survival, including food, core-relief items, shelter and other basic services. Having provided households with initial shelter kits upon arrival, UNHCR is now supporting families providing the necessary materials to maintain their shelters and cover basic needs. From January to the end of August 2021, UNHCR distributed Upgraded Shelter Kits (USKs) consisting of muli-type2 and borak-type* bamboo poles, rope, plastic tarpaulins, sandbags and toolkits to 90,569 families. UNHCR conducts Post Distribution Monitoring (PDM) to collect refugees’ feedback on the quality, sufficiency, utilization, and effectiveness of the assistance we provide, which helps improve and adapt the services as per the refugees’ needs. For this PDM exercise, a mixed methodology incorporating both qualitative and quantitative methods was used. By qualitative method, FGD (Focus Group Discussion) disaggregated by gender and age were conducted with recipients of shelter material in 16 camps. 23 groups discussions for shelter material recipients took place between 03 and 20 October 2021. The PDM survey found that shelter materials distributed by UNHCR and partners generally met the declared household needs and the minimum quality standards as approved by the Bangladesh Shelter/NFI Sector in Cox's Bazar. The respondents rated the overall quality of NFI items as good with a score of 4.26 with an average 94% of respondents rating them good or very good which is a decrease of 0.14 compared to last year PDM. All shelter material items were found useful by 99.50% of respondents.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v2.1: Edited, cleaned and anonymised data
The survey was conducted with one focal point from each receipient household. The respondent is asked question about shelter materials distributed. The respondent is asked their feedback on these items covering the following points:
1. Quality of items
2. Sufficiency of items
3. Usefullness of items
4. Distribution process
5. Actual use of items
6. Assistance preference and their access to communication and complaints mechanisms
Emergency Shelter and NFI
Core Relief items (CRIs)
Housing, Land and Property
Housing, Land and Property
Domestic Needs/Household Support
The survey covers 16 camps in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh
Recipients of shelter materials in Cox' Bazar in 2021
Producers and sponsors
Probabilistic and non-probabilistic samplings were used to prepare the samples and groups for the interviews. Stratified random sampling (probability sampling) methodology was used to create the sample of households to be interviewed using camp as a stratum with head of household gender consideration. The shelter sample size was determined from the recipient households on 90% confidence level and 10% margin of error. The sample was increased by 15% for contingency and non-response rate purposes. A total of 1803 households randomly selected were interviewed.
Design weights were assigned based on probability of selction per camp.