The situation inside Afghanistan deteriorated in 2021 and had significant consequences for the most vulnerable among the population. 1.6 million new arrivals have been witnessed in neighboring countries. Iran and Pakistan, which are neighbours of Afghanistan, also host some 8.2 million registered Afghan refugees and other Afghans with different statuses. The majority of registered refugees fled Afghanistan over the years, including from as early as 1979.
UNHCR border monitoring seeks to understand the triggers, intentions and reasons for Afghan cross-border movements, assess access to territory and “the right to seek asylum” as well as the barriers which hinder the movement of people who may need international protection. In 2021, more than 34,000 interviews were conducted with people across six crossing points into Pakistan, Iran and Central Asia from Afghanistan.
This dataset is the anonymized version of the original data.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v2.1: Edited, cleaned and anonymised data
The survey was conducted with one focal point from each household covering the following:
1. Biodata and current location
2. Displacement history
3. Problems faced during displacement
Livelihood and Social cohesion
Domestic Needs/Household Support
Border crossing points from Afghanistan into Iran, Pakistan and Central Asia