The HSM Pilot aims to monitor how the needs in the districts that were assessed under the Whole of Afghanistan Assessment (WoAA 2021) are evolving under the rapidly changing context in Afghanistan, whilst providing sufficient longitudinal data to allow for the development of an analytical framework that would allow a regular monitoring of humanitarian needs. This pilot is a one-time assessment designed to demonstrate the utility of a broader HSM designed and led by the humanitarian response in Afghanistan. HSM would aim to inform both the geographical and sectoral prioritization to inform a tailored and evidence-based response. To determine the assessment framework, an adapted Hard to Reach (HtR) methodology was used. At least three key informant interviews (KIIs), in a number proportionate to the number of settlements, were conducted in each Basic Service Unit (BSU). To determine a BSU, participatory mapping of settlements and services available were conducted prior to data collection. Key informant networks were developed to cover the entirety of selected districts, stratifying each district’s network by BSU to ensure a minimum of 3 KIs per BSU, each with information covering a different settlement than the others. Any analysis conducted using the data in this file would generate statistically non-representative results, as the key informant methodology is indicative.